Much of what can be called reasons for our failure to create the condition of order required for coping with diversity and conflicts and promoting cooperation as a cardinal social value in twenty-first century. Because of this failure, we’ve neither been able to secure appreciate frameworks for thought and action in the contemporary world nor develop the capacity to acquire and apply scientific knowledge and mankind accumulated wisdom for promoting human well-being.
The challenge of ideological reconstruction is one that we would need to consider as matter of top priority in the century. A necessary condition for making a success of the tasks that this challenge involves would require engagement with idea with a view to determine their relevance to contemporary society. Concept whose misunderstanding is largely responsible for the ambivalence that bedeviled the quest for growth and development in this century. Two among many of those concepts are ‘modernity’ and ‘civilisation’
Typical characterisation of the concept of ‘modernity’ is construe as relating to the present or recent time. If modernity is construe mainly in terms of things, institutions, processes and practices relating to the present or recent time and dominant culture is the present is western culture, it will only require basic logic to establish a connection between modernisation and westernisation. That this connection can be avoided this would be possible if we examine more carefully the conceptual ramifications of the terms standing for ‘modernity’ in our indigenous languages.
To ascend to a higher level of ethical conduct in order to pursue standards for social order, we must reexamine the notion and essence of civilization. The idea of civilization is an embodiment of a set of core values; “first, a social organisation based upon some measure of law and order, and secondly a conscious purpose animating that order, whereby the citizens, or at least a group of them, seem bent upon pursuing certain ideals of conduct”. The combination of purpose, law and ideals are seen to make profound sense in the context of social vision and action or organised human behaviour.
Also the idea of civilization is insinuative of three distinctive features: the power of conceptual thought, the substitution of moral and civil laws, considerable scope for initiative and the civil laws considerable scope for initiative and acquisitions of a conscience. Civilization is the imputation of a law, of acts of justice. Three features are crucial to civilization; “freedom from barbarity, politeness, and value of decency”. Other value that are conducive to civilization include; “honesty, modesty, intellectual integrity, self-criticism and self-control.” The power of civilization highlights the main aim of human society as “a positive one of providing a social environment, a set of institutions, in which and through which men and women can grow to their full stature”. The advantages deriving from civilization that has impacted on the human mind can only make sense against the backdrop and the aesthetics of control.