We are not born with ideologies, we learn them as we interact with others and accept ideas and beleifs that are generally taken for granted in our culture. Most ideologies serves, the interests of a particular category of people and are presented as accurate and truthful representations of the world as it is or as it should be. These ideologies can be used to justify decisions and actions in sports. These ideologies are organised around ideas and beliefs about gender, race, social class and ability.
The most widely shared or dominant gender ideology used in many societies is organised around the central ideas and beliefs that: Human beings are either female or male. Heterosexuality is nature’s foundation for human reproduction; other expressions of sexual feelings, thoughts, and actions are abnormal, deviant, immoral. Men are physically stronger and more rational than women: therefore, they are more naturally suited to possess power and assume leadership positions in the public spheres of society. Debates about the truth of these ideas and beliefs have become common worldwide.
Racial ideology was organised around the major ideas and beliefs that: Human beings can be classified into races on the basis of biologically inherited or genetically based characteristics. This ideology was used to justify segregation and discrimination.
The abliest ideology in many cultures today s organised around the ideas and beliefs that: People can be classified as normal or disabled. Disability exists when physical or mental impairments interfere with a person’s ability to function normally in everyday life. Disabled people are inferior to normal people. The ideology denies that there is natural variation in the physical and intellectual abilities of human beings, that abilities are situation-test-specific, and that abilities change over time.
As ideologies are widely shared and used as a basis for establishing, organising, and evaluating social relationships and all forms of social organisation, they are woven over time into the fabrics of a society. Ideologies are defended by those who use them to make sense of the world and those whose privilege depends on them. Sometimes they are connected with religious beleifs and given intrinsic moral value which fosters intense resistance to change. Although we rarely acknowledge our ideologies, we frequently recognise the ideologies of people from other cultures because they challenge our taken-for-granted assumptions.