Sports

IDEOLOGIES IN SPORTS

We are not born with ideologies, we learn them as we interact with others and accept ideas and beleifs  that are generally taken for granted in our culture. Most ideologies  serves, the interests of a particular category of people  and are presented as accurate and truthful representations of the world as it is or as it should be. These ideologies can be used to justify decisions and actions in sports. These ideologies are organised around ideas and beliefs about gender, race, social class and ability.

The most widely  shared or dominant gender ideology  used in many societies is organised around the central  ideas and beliefs  that: Human beings are either female or male. Heterosexuality  is nature’s foundation for human reproduction; other expressions of sexual feelings, thoughts, and actions are abnormal, deviant, immoral. Men are physically stronger and more rational than women: therefore, they are more naturally suited to possess power and assume leadership positions in the public spheres of society.  Debates about the truth of these ideas and beliefs have become common worldwide.

Racial ideology  was organised around the major ideas and beliefs that: Human beings can be classified into races on the basis of biologically inherited or genetically based characteristics.  This ideology was used to justify segregation and discrimination.

The abliest ideology in many cultures today s organised around the ideas and beliefs that: People can be classified as normal or disabled. Disability exists when physical  or mental impairments interfere with a person’s ability to function normally in everyday life. Disabled people are inferior to normal people. The ideology denies that there is natural variation in the physical  and intellectual abilities of human beings, that abilities  are situation-test-specific, and that abilities change over time.

As ideologies are widely shared and used as a basis for establishing,  organising, and evaluating social relationships and all forms of social organisation, they are woven over time into the fabrics of a society. Ideologies are defended by those who use them to make sense of the world and those whose privilege depends on them. Sometimes they are connected with religious beleifs and given intrinsic moral value which fosters intense resistance to change. Although we rarely acknowledge our ideologies, we frequently recognise the ideologies of people from other cultures because they challenge  our taken-for-granted assumptions.

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