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    THE PLACE OF CARE IN ACTIONS

    There are many ways in which we can relate to the world. We can dominate and exploit other people and animal and try to manipulate the environment; we can try to explain all things rationally; we can take an appreciative interest in things. It is sometimes said that caring places a more central role in the lives of women than of men, and that is reflected in the differences between an ethics of caring (care ethics) and principled-oriented ethics, or what can be referred to as emotion/passion-based ethics and reasoning/logic-based ethics. This shares the goal of the creation of a gendered ethics that aims to eliminate or at least ameliorate…

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    EXPLANATORY ADEQUACY: EXPLANATIONS FOR PROBLEM-SOLVING

    Explanations and arguments are different things and serve different purposes, one source of confusion is that a sentence that can be used to explain something can also be used in an argument, either as a premise or as a conclusion. The statement, “The puddle was caused by the leak in the toilet” might be the conclusion of an argument whose premise is; “There wasn’t a puddle until the toilet started leaking.” Alternatively, it might be a premise in an argument that has the conclusion. “Therefore, let’s fix the toilet.” Many kinds of things need explaining, and it isn’t surprising that many kinds of explanations exist. Certain minimal conditions must be…

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    TECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE.

    Agriculture is a unique human activity and is perhaps the first activity for which human developed technology. Technology, understood as the use of farming tools and techniques, is an indispensable component in agriculture. Technology in agriculture probably started with the stone ax that was used to clear forest trees and fire that was used to release the nutrients in the wood and thereby provide a rich soil for food plants. This was shifting cultivation and was first step beyond hunter-gatherer communities, in the settlement of human societies. The Neolithic revolution saw the domestication of crops and animals and the consequent necessity for social stability to guard these precious resources. The…

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    THINKING ABOUT AESTHETICS EXPERIENCES

    The expression or application of human creative skill and imagination in poetry, painting, sculpture, music, dance for their beauty or emotional power is what is commonly referred to as arts or artworks “Sublime” and “beautiful” are only two amongst the many terms which may be used to describe our aesthetics experience. Clearly there are “ridiculous” and “ugly” for a start as well. But the more discriminating will have no difficulty also finding something maybe “fine”, or “lovely” rather than “awful” or “hideous”, and “exquisite” or “superb” rather than “gross” or “foul”. For one can describe works of art often enough in terms which relate primarily to the emotional and mental…

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    NEED FOR IDEOLOGICAL RECONSTRUCTION

    Much of what can be called reasons for our failure to create the condition of order required for coping with diversity and conflicts and promoting cooperation as a cardinal social value in twenty-first century. Because of this failure, we’ve neither been able to secure appreciate frameworks for thought and action in the contemporary world nor develop the capacity to acquire and apply scientific knowledge and mankind accumulated wisdom for promoting human well-being. The challenge of ideological reconstruction is one that we would need to consider as matter of top priority in the century. A necessary condition for making a success of the tasks that this challenge involves would require engagement…

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    DETERMINING JOB DISCRIMINATION

    Most people opposed racial, cultural, and sexual abuse, and reject job discrimination as immoral. But as the paucity of minority coaches reveals, explicit prejudice and overt discrimination are just part of the problem. Even open-minded people may operate on implicit assumptions that work to the disadvantage of women and minorities, and many who believe themselves to be unprejudiced harbour unconscious racist or sexist attitudes. Determining whether discrimination occurs in employment depends on: whether the decision is a function of an employee’s or job applicants’ membership in a certain group, rather than individual merit; whether the decision is based in prejudice, false stereotypes, or the assumption that the group is in…