• Technology


    One of the most pressing issue on nanotechnology is the concern about possible risk, both to health and to the environment, associated with nanoparticle toxicity. The consideration arise in connection with the level of risk that should be tolerated. The problem is not so much that there are unknown to be dangers but rather that, because of the wide range of different nanoparticles with different properties, there are inherent difficulties in assessing risks and in formulating regulations to control them. There is debate, too, about whether current regulations are adequate to cover materials at the nanoscale or whether new regulations are required. How nanotechnology could help bring about the utopian…

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    Agriculture is a unique human activity and is perhaps the first activity for which human developed technology. Technology, understood as the use of farming tools and techniques, is an indispensable component in agriculture. Technology in agriculture probably started with the stone ax that was used to clear forest trees and fire that was used to release the nutrients in the wood and thereby provide a rich soil for food plants. This was shifting cultivation and was first step beyond hunter-gatherer communities, in the settlement of human societies. The Neolithic revolution saw the domestication of crops and animals and the consequent necessity for social stability to guard these precious resources. The…

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    Some questions that arise in connection with Autonomous Machines (AMs) are philosophical. These include questions about agency (and moral agancy), in connection with concerns about whether AMs can be held  responsible and blameworthy in some sense, as well as questions about autonomy and trust. Most of us associate autonomy with concepts  such as liberty, dignity, and individuality.  Others, however,  link autonomy  to “independence”. If we defines autonomy as a “capacity or trait that individuals manifest by acting independently”. While it is difficult to  ascribe  characteristics  such as liberty  and dignity  to AMs, we have seen that these machines do appear to be  capable of “acting independently”. So, if we can…

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    Biotechnology aimed at introducing any alteration of genetic material (DNA or RNA) of an organism through mating or recombination. This genetic modification contributes to important societal value like contributes to important societal values like sustainability, biodiversity and health. Examples of the application of biotechnology include micro-organisms engineered to produce hydrogen gas organic waste; plants engineered to make biodegradable polymers; molecular machines based on plant photosynthetic proteins to harness energy from the sun; bacteria engineered to break down environmental contaminants rapidly. The environmental applications of biotechnology are often overlooked and underfunded, yet the sustainability of our planet in the face of an increasing population is an issue of utmost importance Biotechnology…

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    Democracy, and cyber-technology which has become the political, and social phenomena of our time, where Internet is alleged to provide greater “openness”, “empowerment”, “choice”, and access to information. If we argue that the Internet provides an open forum in which ideas can generally be communicated freely and easily. Others can focus on note that the Internet empowers certain groups by giving them a “voice”, or say in some matter that they had not previously had. Others can still suggest that the Internet empower individual by giving them more choices and thus greater freedom. Some points out that the Internet has provided greater access to information at a lower cost. Value…

  • Technology


    Social networking sites (SNSs) such as Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, Instagram have gone from being driven by special interest group of becoming basic social necessities of everyday life. ‘If you do not exist online you simply do not exist’. Virtual friendship exists on the internet and is seldom or never combined with real life interaction whereas traditional friendship involves substantial real life interaction. Only the latter can merit the label ‘genuine friendship’. How do we go about our social exchanges in this technological age without virtual friendship? Or can we say that there are no genuine friendship in this age? Or should we make virtual friendship or traditional friendship or both…


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