• Politics

    VOTING ATTITUDES IN RECENT DEMOCRACY

    As we citizens has civic to vote, should voting be compulsory? We can argue to make voting compulsory in order to increase turn-out. We can also argue that making voting compulsory will be a violation of citizens’ liberty. Other argument against making voting compulsory is that it will corrupt the notion of civic duty, which is supposed to be voluntary. What about the argument that voting is actually inconsistent with reasoning, because even if one care about the outcome of an election, if you consider the actual probability that your vote will make a difference and you discount the value of your preferred outcome by the chance that your vote…

  • Politics

    ISSUE OF CONSTRAINT AND AUTONOMY

    Freedom is construe as the absence of any constraint which is either imposed by the state or by other individual or citizens in the society. Freedom or liberty like other concepts is an essentially contested concept and the definition of it by anyone will depend on his/her ideological persuasion, but if we want to give a sort of logical structure of the concept, we say A is free to do B in other to be free from C. in this analysis, ‘freedom to’ (positive) is not complete without ‘freedom from’ (negative). If we have freedom to education e.g. we are free from ignorance. In other words, the two basic logical…

  • Politics

    THE QUESTIONS OF SOVEREIGNTY

    Sovereignty is the attribute by which a person or institution exercises ultimate authority over every other person or institution on its domain. Traditionally, the existence of a final arbiter or legislator is said to be essential if people are to live together in peace and security. This example brought most readily to mind by the word ‘sovereign’ is the individual monarch, and the theory of sovereignty was at one time closely linked with the defense of monarch. Sovereignty is a final authority that is itself subject to no further authority. Fundamental questions include asking whether such an authority is necessary in an orderly political state, or whether systems of “checks…

  • Politics

    COMPONENT OF THE IDEA OF STATE

    There is much overlap between the definitions and broad agreement on the main features which a political organization must exhibit in order to belong to the class of a ‘state’: There is a population which reproduces itself and whose members are socially related. There is territory. There is a single government. The state is legally and politically independent from other states, and recognized by other states as an independent or sovereign state. However, probably no state fully realizes all the characteristics ascribed to the abstraction ‘the state’. For example, there is no agreement on what size the population or territory must be, how effective the government must be in enforcing…

  • Politics

    PROBING THE CONCEPT OF POLITICAL POWER

    It is sometimes difficult to make a distinction between power in terms of authority and power in terms of coercion because the senses are interconnected. Authority is a type of power that citizens are prepaid to accept because they city believe that it represents a justified legitimate use of power while, coercion is the type of power which citizens accept not because it is felt to be threatened or actual use of force. There are those who are of the opinion that authority and power is one and the same thing, while others insist that authority is something different from power. Those who hold the last view argue that the…

  • Politics

    ARE WE EQUAL?

    The term “equality” (equal or equally) signifies correspondence between a group of different objects, persons, processes, or circumstances that have the same qualities in at least one respect, but not all respects. Equality needs to be distinguished from ‘identity’ –the concepts signifying that one and the same object corresponds to itself in all its features, and also distinguished from similarity –the concept of merely approximate correspondence. Therefore, to say e.g that ‘men are equal’ is not to say that they are identical. Equality implies similarity rather than ‘sameness’. Equality as a social and political principle is an essentially contested concept. If we say that human beings are equal, in what…