• Politics

    THE IDEA OF FEMINISM

    The whole idea of feminism is that women have been subjugated or oppressed from time immemorial. They claim that through these domination, women’s right or freedom have been completely suppressed or curtailed as the case may be. It is this form of oppression either in the family or public sphere that the feminists’ scholars and activists have campaigned that women should be given their rights. These agitation of feminist scholars or activists is simply to erase the suppression of women in that, women should have the same rights as men. However, the argument goes, the basis of all these oppressions, is simply man made construction which is culturally embedded. One…

  • Politics

    CONCEPT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

    In what sense can we say that human beings have certain rights because they are human? What are these human rights? In what ways can these right be established? It is important to make a distinction between legal and moral right. The former type of right is clearly stated in the legal system while the latter right are not. They are referred to as ideal rights. The concept of right has always been viewed as having certain relationship with claims which make it obligatory for others to respect the claims of the right holder. In other words, it is the duty of others to respect the claims of the person.…

  • Politics

    IDEA OF DEMOCRACY

    There are some congruence between democracy perceived as a set of values and democracy perceived as a set of institutional arrangements. We can see this better if consider the history both of the values and of the institutions that have been called democratic. A political order can be democratic or undemocratic to various degrees. The optimal degree of democracy for a given society is that extent of democracy having which produces consequences morally better than those that having any other level of democracy in place would produce. The word “Democracy” can cause troubles enough because it can mean all things to all men as it is translated into different cultures…

  • Politics

    THE IDEA OF JUSTICE

    The idea of justice is of cardinal importance to good governance. Justice has something to do with punishments and rewards, and something to do with equality, thus should be conceive as a matter of whether each individual person being treated in the right way, and there must be consistency in how one person is treated overtime, and there must also be consistency between people, so that if my friend and I have different reward or have the same punishment, it should depend on the circumstances. The fact that justice requires consistency in treatment explains why acting justly is so often a matter of following rules or applying laws, since these…

  • Politics

    MORALITY AND POLITICS

    Everyone seems to know something about morality, and many claim to know quite a great deal about politics. Yet, there exist in most societies today a tangible gap between morality and the practice of politics, a gap that arises from a number of sources. For instance, there is little or no attempt by governments to sincerely and meaningfully articulate, in any formal sense, any system of moral principles which could apply to the society as a whole. As a result there can be no standard a community can hold up to assess conduct. A code of conduct could be a step in the right direction. But, apart from the rather…

  • Politics

    DECISION MAKING IN GOVERNANCE

    Government, no matter how we visualize it, government plays the role of a father in the sense that it ensures that all is well with the citizens who are in a sense, its political children. In ensuring this, government provides security as well as an enabling environments through which the citizens can actualize their potentialities, or, put differently, a situation in which they can exercise their negative freedom. Granted this role on the part of the government, the latter also ensures that the actualization of an individual’s freedom does not jeopardize the interest of others. This it does by placing certain restrictions in the form of checks and balances on…