• Politics

    THE QUESTIONS OF SOVEREIGNTY

    Sovereignty is the attribute by which a person or institution exercises ultimate authority over every other person or institution on its domain. Traditionally, the existence of a final arbiter or legislator is said to be essential if people are to live together in peace and security. This example brought most readily to mind by the word ‘sovereign’ is the individual monarch, and the theory of sovereignty was at one time closely linked with the defense of monarch. Sovereignty is a final authority that is itself subject to no further authority. Fundamental questions include asking whether such an authority is necessary in an orderly political state, or whether systems of “checks…

  • Politics

    COMPONENT OF THE IDEA OF STATE

    There is much overlap between the definitions and broad agreement on the main features which a political organization must exhibit in order to belong to the class of a ‘state’: There is a population which reproduces itself and whose members are socially related. There is territory. There is a single government. The state is legally and politically independent from other states, and recognized by other states as an independent or sovereign state. However, probably no state fully realizes all the characteristics ascribed to the abstraction ‘the state’. For example, there is no agreement on what size the population or territory must be, how effective the government must be in enforcing…

  • Politics

    PROBING THE CONCEPT OF POLITICAL POWER

    It is sometimes difficult to make a distinction between power in terms of authority and power in terms of coercion because the senses are interconnected. Authority is a type of power that citizens are prepaid to accept because they city believe that it represents a justified legitimate use of power while, coercion is the type of power which citizens accept not because it is felt to be threatened or actual use of force. There are those who are of the opinion that authority and power is one and the same thing, while others insist that authority is something different from power. Those who hold the last view argue that the…

  • Politics

    ARE WE EQUAL?

    The term “equality” (equal or equally) signifies correspondence between a group of different objects, persons, processes, or circumstances that have the same qualities in at least one respect, but not all respects. Equality needs to be distinguished from ‘identity’ –the concepts signifying that one and the same object corresponds to itself in all its features, and also distinguished from similarity –the concept of merely approximate correspondence. Therefore, to say e.g that ‘men are equal’ is not to say that they are identical. Equality implies similarity rather than ‘sameness’. Equality as a social and political principle is an essentially contested concept. If we say that human beings are equal, in what…

  • Politics

    THE IDEA OF FEMINISM

    The whole idea of feminism is that women have been subjugated or oppressed from time immemorial. They claim that through these domination, women’s right or freedom have been completely suppressed or curtailed as the case may be. It is this form of oppression either in the family or public sphere that the feminists’ scholars and activists have campaigned that women should be given their rights. These agitation of feminist scholars or activists is simply to erase the suppression of women in that, women should have the same rights as men. However, the argument goes, the basis of all these oppressions, is simply man made construction which is culturally embedded. One…

  • Politics

    CONCEPT OF HUMAN RIGHTS

    In what sense can we say that human beings have certain rights because they are human? What are these human rights? In what ways can these right be established? It is important to make a distinction between legal and moral right. The former type of right is clearly stated in the legal system while the latter right are not. They are referred to as ideal rights. The concept of right has always been viewed as having certain relationship with claims which make it obligatory for others to respect the claims of the right holder. In other words, it is the duty of others to respect the claims of the person.…