• Morality

    WHAT IT IS TO BE VIRTUOUS

    Acting as a good person ought to act: responsibly, charitably, honestly, reliably, friendly. Living up to the best of what we are. Virtue is a trait of character that is to be admired; one rendering its possessor better, either morally, or intellectually, or in the conduct of specific affairs appropriately, and persistently. To understand fully what constitutes virtue, requires knowing the criteria of right conduct. And these criteria are independent of the criteria for a virtuous character. The ethics of virtue could still be primary, in the sense that being a virtuous person could still be what is most important in morality. But to know how to achieve this state…

  • Morality

    HOW TO DO GOOD

    Good is happiness and well-being: satisfaction, pleasure, the relief of pain and suffering; fulfillment. Social benefits (social, political or economic products, services, or state of affairs that promote happiness and well-being); reduced social costs. Objectively, the good is used to denote the supposed final end at which action must aim: an intrinsically valuable state, classically identified with some compound of happiness, virtue, freedom from care, and success. The relationship between purely private good and social good is then left to be filled in the good is often identified in economics with the satisfaction of desire or preference, with comparatively little attention paid, in the liberal tradition, to the object of…

  • Morality

    IDEA OF MORALITY

    The idea of morality is essentially social. It is only meaningful because humans interact with one another in society. By virtue of social interaction, necessitated by the reality of the scarcity of resources, human vulnerability and lack of self-sufficiency, questions about how humans ought to relate in society and who should get what at a given time become very important. It is in an attempt to provide plausible answers to these questions that morality came into being. Morality often refers to the normative code of group of people, that is, the set of principles employed by a people to determine the forms of behavior that are to be accepted as…

  • Morality

    ETHICS AND MORALITY

    The word ‘morality’ and ‘ethics’ are synonymous but different. Some distinguished between the two, others use these terms interchangeably, and sometimes it is used narrowly to mean the moral principles of a particular tradition, group, or individual. However, morality are discussed in ethics –that is, morality is contain in ethics. When we speak of human actions being moral or ethical, we usually mean that they are good actions, and when we speak of human actions being immoral or unethical, we usually mean that they are bad/evil actions. Thus moral and ethical essentially mean good, right likewise, immoral and unethical mean, bad and wrong, often depending upon whether one is referring…

  • Morality

    DOING THE RIGHT THING

    Is it fair for some people to end up living in the streets when others live in mansions? Is it just that some people have to work for over sixty hours a week merely to keep food on the tale while others live in luxury and do not work at all? Inequality on such a scale that it threatens people’s lives does not show appropriate respect (or any respect, some would argue) for the dignity or worth of each person. No one have to watch his or her children go hungry or stay with abusive spouse because there is nowhere to go. It’s just not right! Right are appropriate respect…

  • Morality

    MORAL RELATIVISM: THE PARADOX OF TOLERANCE

    The view that the truth of moral claims is relative to the culture or way of life of those who hold them. It thus generalizes to all of morality what may reasonably be suppose true of matter of etiquette, summed up in the tag ‘when in Rome, do as Romans do’. A mistake sometimes made in moral reasoning is to confuse the two claims: What is believed to be right and wrong may differ from group to group, or culture to culture. What is right and wrong may differ from group to group, society to society, or culture to culture. The second claim, but not the first, is moral relativism.…