• Language

    THE NATURE OF DEFINITIONS

    A definition calls attention to the fact that the (complex) concept expressed by the definiens plays an important role in the discourse in which the definendum is used. For instance, agreeing to mean by ‘prime’ a number that can be divided without remainder only by 1 and itself attention to the important of this notion for number theory. Hence the collection of definitions embodies our choice of subjects and our judgement as to what is most important. A definition may sometimes supply an analysis of an already existing concept that had not previously been made precise. In this case, the newly introduced concepts shares most or all of the traits…

  • Language

    VAGUENESS IN LANGUAGE

    Many sentences are relatively vague; others are relatively precise. A term that is perfectly precise would generate no borderline cases, and although this is often presented as a theoretical idea. It is extremely unclear that any learnable, speakable language could begin to meet it. For even basic observation admit of borderline cases, and even when care is not taken to make terms as precise as possible, unforeseen contingencies, new kinds of discovery, and things with new combinations of properties may always provide hand cases whose classification is left unclear. Sometimes vagueness can be annoying. Suppose you’re looking for a place and you’re given the following directions: “Go down the street…

  • Language

    THE PREVALENCE OF AMBIGUITY

    Ambiguity is important and it is worth examining, what the phenomenon is and how it differs and relates to similar phenomena such as indexicality, polysemy, vagueness, and especially sense generality. An uncle can be satisfied by both brothers of mothers and brothers of fathers, the phrase is not ambiguous but unspecified with respect to parent. ‘Ambiguity’ refers to a different phenomenon from many closely related cases of multiple permissible interpretations. Distinguishing ambiguity from these related phenomenon can be a difficult and tendentious affair. An ambiguity could happen by entries that are homophonous, or even co-spelled, but differ in meaning. ‘Duck’ is both a verb and a noun as is ‘cover’.…

  • Language

    CONCEPTS AND ITS CONTROVERSY

    Concepts are sometimes said to have a function in inference. We use concepts to draw inferences about the things that one categorizes. If one encounters a knife, one can infer that it is used for cutting. The knowledge that knife are used for cutting is said by many to be contained in one’s concept of knife. Thus, when one applies the concept to some things, one can use the concept to infer fact about that object. For some, concepts are not meanings. But they usually concede of language. One comes to understand a word by associating it with a concept. On either approach concepts and language will be closely related.…

  • Language

    CONCEPTUAL ANALYSIS

    When presenting thoughts and ideas, our words, terms, and concepts must be adequately purged of vagueness and ambiguity. In this sense, it is believed that language properly analysed, can yield an understanding of the world. This therefore means that if we want a new way of thinking about the world, we must take the challenge of refining, elaborating, interpreting and expanding our grammar, we must make language elastic enough to deal with new experiences about the world. Concepts are fundamental to human experience and the evolution of language itself. This proves when clarifying language, we are constantly clarifying concepts. The notion of conceptual analysis seems therefore to be a natural…

  • Language

    DIFFERENTIATING CONCEPTS AND IDEAS

    Concepts and ideas are often used interchangeably. The Oxford Advanced Dictionary describes a concept as an idea or a principle connected with something abstract, for example, the concept of social status, or goodness. And describes an idea as a picture or an impression in your mind of what somebody/something is like. Merriam Webster Dictionary describes a concept as an idea of what something is or how it works. And describes an idea as something that you imagine in or picture your mind. Concepts are for thinking. When one ascribes a thought, such as ‘God is good’ one typically assumes that the bearer of that thought has a concept God and…