• Uncategorized

    UNDERSTANDING PROFESSIONAL CODES

    Professional codes of conducts are benchmark for professionals in the course of their duty which tends to be universal. Applying this codes to specific cases is tricky. Hippocratic Oath, for example, require doctors to work only “for the benefit of sick.” But often what is the benefit or best interest of the sick person (lying to her family? Keeping him alive but immobilized on life support?) is the question we need to answer. Medical professionals must put their patient’s health above all the other goals, including the professional’s own enjoyments or income and even sometimes personal safety. Professional codes are often conflicting. For instance, the journalists’ codes requires both telling…

  • Uncategorized

    SLEEPING OR NOT?

    Sleep is a natural state of resting during which eyes are closed and leads to become unconscious. It is the natural periodic suspension of consciousness during which the power of the body are restored. Sleep is distinguish from wakefulness by a decreased ability to react to stimuli, but is more easily reversed than the state of being comatose A well-known feature of sleep is the dream, an experience typically recounted in narrative form, which resembles waking life while in progress, but which usually can later be distinguished as fantasy. A very busy lifestyle has substantially altered sleep timing in industrialized cities. For instance, a situation of Leo who leaves in…

  • Intellection

    CONCEPT OF ARGUMENT

    An argument is a statement coupled with other statements that are meant to supports that statement. A statement (or claim) is an assertion that something is or not the case and therefore the kind of utterance that is either true or false. In an argument, the statement being supported is the conclusion, and the statements supporting the conclusion are the premises. The purposes are meant to provide reason for believing that the conclusion is true. A good argument gives us good reasons for accepting a conclusion; a bad argument fails to provide good reason. In any kind of rational inquiry, accepting a conclusion (statement) without good reasons is a recipe…

  • Morality

    MORALITY AND RELIGION

    For many people, religion is essential to morality. Others find religious morality controversial, or worse. For one thing, religion contributes moral training. For many of us, the only formal moral training we will ever receive is in a religious institution (church, mosque e.t.c.). Many of us fall back on that training, whether we remain religious or not when the going gets tough. Religious leaders are not afraid to speak up for values, in a serious way that goes far beyond the rhetoric of politicians and graduation speakers paying attention to the needs of others; sustaining or rekindling hope in the face of despairs, caring for all creations –these are the…

  • Business

    RESPONSIBLE BUSINESS MODEL

    How can businesses become more responsible? And how can we prevent the sorts of abuses that create the need for whistleblowing in the first place? Just the formulation of business moral statements is a major first step employees and customers then have a moral reference point: expectations are created and commitments made. The company declares, at least officially that it is willing to be held to certain standards. Training programs, executive progress reports, and other practical application are the next step. These too are becoming widespread. Companies need to signal in day-to-day ways that their moral commitments are taken seriously and make a difference. But business structure may have to…

  • Technology

    ANALYZING TECHNOLOGY

    To analyze is to conduct conceptual investigation that characteristically, though not invariably, involve studies of the language, in which the concept in question is, or can be expressed. The definition of a concept can be determined by uncovering the underlying logical structures, or logical forms of the sentences used to express it. Analyzing technology is a reflection on the relation between science and technology –an attitude that is often presented, perhaps somewhat dramatized, in the form of a claim that technology is “merely” applied science. Questioning of this relation should be a central issue. Science concern itself with what is, whereas technology concerns itself with what is to be. Technology…