CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPEMNT

The central problem specific to thinking about the environment is the independent value to place on such things as preservation of species, or protection of the wilderness. Such protection can be supported as a means to ordinarily human ends. For instance, when animals are regarded as sources of medicines or

NEED TO CLARIFY POLITICAL CONCEPTS

A concept is a reflection of concrete objects and their properties using  forms of sensory, cognition-sensation, perception and representation.  Concepts and idea to be wider than concepts. Political concepts and ideas occur when we think of and practise politics. A political concept is that  which features I’m contests for power,

PERCEPTION AND REALITY IN MORAL VALUES

Sometimes a disagreement in attitude results from a disagreement about the fact of the case, and the conflict might disappear if an agreement on the facts is reached. At times, however,  two people may agree about the fact surrounding capital punishment, or some other moral issue, while one regards it

AVOIDING DOGMATISM

If you already know the answer to an issue, there’s  no need to think about it. If you need to argue for your position, you admit that it needs depending, which is to say that people can legitimately have doubt. But that can’t be true. Your already that your position

MANIPULATION OF WORDS AND EXPRESSIONS

The emotive meaning of a word or expression  is the private, subjective connotation  or denotation of the word or expression. It is the attitude or other emotional state that is conventionally taken to be expressed  by a straightforward  use of it. Thus a derogatory term conventionally expressed some kind of

CONDITIONS FOR AUTONOMOUS MACHINES

Some questions that arise in connection with Autonomous Machines (AMs) are philosophical. These include questions about agency (and moral agancy), in connection with concerns about whether AMs can be held  responsible and blameworthy in some sense, as well as questions about autonomy and trust. Most of us associate autonomy with